学术讲座——向伊梅:范畴分析法的复兴:疑问句所指为何?

 讲座主题:

范畴分析法的复兴:疑问句所指为何?

Reviving the categorial approach: What does a question denote?

主讲者:向伊梅

主持人:郭 

时间:201773日下午3:30-5:30

地点:北京大学二教211

 

    在过去的几十年中,疑问句曾有过好几种不同的定义:范畴分析法将其定义为lambda-抽象式(即对一个语义表达式做lambda-抽象所得的式子),Hamblin-Karttunen的选项语义学将其定义为命题集,划分语义学则将其定义为对可能世界的划分。在近期的研究当中,范畴分析法因其在语义合成中的各种缺憾而渐渐不被重视。然而,一些事实表明,疑问句所指称的意义不仅可以提供命题性的意义,还可以提供谓词性和名词性的意义。要刻画这一特点,我们必须将疑问句分析为lambda-抽象式。该报告对研究疑问句语义提供了一个新的范畴分析法。这种分析法一方面继承了范畴分析法的核心观点,即疑问句所指为lambda-抽象式,另一方面还克服了传统范畴分析法的弊病。

       In the past a few decades, questions have been defined as lambda abstracts (as in categorial approaches), sets of propositions (as in Hamblin-Karttunen semantics), and partitions of possible worlds (as in Partition Semantics). Recently, categorial approaches are less commonly used due to their deficiencies in semantic compositions. Nevertheless, several facts suggest that question denotations should be able to supply not only propositional meanings but also predicative and nominal meanings. This suggestion makes lambda abstracts the only possible denotations of questions. This talk proposes a new categorial approach of question semantics. It revives the idea that questions denote lambda abstracts. It also overcomes the deficiencies of traditional categorial approaches.

 

主讲人简介:

向伊梅,哈佛大学语言学系讲师。本科毕业于北京大学中文系,哈佛大学语言学系博士,师从Gennaro Chierchia教授。主要研究领域为形式语义学、句法-语义界面、东亚语言学、语言哲学。近期关注于疑问句、极性词、焦点、否定提升、汉语多功能小品词等问题。


发布者:中心助理

发布时间:2017-6-25 8:18:11

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