共有 807 条记录,分为 54 页显示,您当前正在浏览第 1 页

1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | .. | >
标题 作者 关键词 领域 辑号 下载
上古汉语韵重现象研究——为庆祝郭锡良先生八十五华诞而作 孙玉文 上古汉语 韵重 音系 古音构拟 古汉、上古、语音 55
稿件标题上古汉语韵重现象研究——为庆祝郭锡良先生八十五华诞而作
英文标题On the Yunchong(韵重)Phenomenon in Old Chinese
作者姓名孙玉文
作者单位北京大学中文系
领域古汉、上古、语音
关键词上古汉语 韵重 音系 古音构拟
中文摘要
文章根据郭锡良先生《汉字古音手册》(增订本),发现:上古同一个韵部中,包括了相当多的中古同声母、同开合、同等而读音有区别的韵或韵类。这跟中古汉语的“重韵”含义不同,可以称之为“上古韵重现象”。上古韵重现象必须做出科学解释。本文在全面搜集整理材料的基础上,论证:上古唇舌齿喉(包括中古牙音)都有甲乙两类三等韵,中古的重纽是上古甲乙两类三等韵的继承和发展,中古的重纽三等韵不能机械地上推到上古;上古一二等韵可能也要各分甲乙两类,四等只有一类。只有这样,才能解释清楚上古韵母到中古的发展演变。以此音类区分为基础,本文对上古韵部和韵母的构拟提出了新的系统。
英文摘要
Based on Hanzi Guyin Shouce (《汉字古音手册》)(Revised Edition) by Guo Xiliang(郭锡良), it is found that in the same rhyme group of Old Chinese, there are quite a few rhymes or rhyme categories which are of identical initial, kaihe (开合)and division but different pronunciations in Middle Chinese. This phenomenon is different from chongyun (重韵)in Middle Chinese, thus it can be named as the yunchong (韵重)phenomenon in Old Chinese. On the basis of comprehensive materials, it is argued that there are two types of division III rhymes of labial, lingual, dental and guttural (including velar in Middle Chinese) initials in Old Chinese; the chongniu( 重纽) phenomenon in Middle Chinese evolved from two types of division III in Old Chinese, and the chongniu division III rhymes cannot be analogized mechanically into Old Chinese; the division I, II rhymes may be divided into two types respectively, and there is only one type of division IV. Only in this way can we demonstrate how the rhymes evolved from Old Chinese to Middle Chinese. Based on the division of rhymes, we put forward a new system of the reconstruction of rhyme groups and finals in Old Chinese.
字数56467
从经师音注和通假异文看汉代声训的语音特征 郑妞 经师音注 通假异文 声训 复声母 古汉、语音 55
稿件标题从经师音注和通假异文看汉代声训的语音特征
英文标题Research on Phonetic Features of Sound Glosses in Han Dynasty from Confucian Scholars’ Reading System and Variant Characters for Phonetic Loan
作者姓名郑妞
作者单位上海大学文学院中文系
领域古汉、语音
关键词经师音注 通假异文 声训 复声母
中文摘要
历来学者基本认同以《释名》为代表的汉代声训都符合音同或音近的关系,但对于音近的标准却存在一定分歧,以包拟古为代表的学者主张构拟复声母去解释《释名》中的一些音近声训。文章尝试收集汉代经师音注和通假异文,用同时代的语音材料考察声训中声训词和被释词的语音关系,认为声训中存在少量“叠韵相训、邻韵相训、双声相训”,汉代声训不能反映复声母的存在。
英文摘要
It has been generally acknowledged by scholars that sound glosses represented by Shih ming (《释名》) in Han Dynasty all conform to the relationship of same or near sound, but divergences still exist about standards of near sound. Some scholars represented by Bodman advocate the reconstruction of consonant cluster in explaining some near sound in Shih ming .This article aims to collect Confucian scholars’ reading system and variant characters for phonetic loan of Han Dynasty, using coetaneous phonological materials to observe and study the relationship between sound explanation and explained words, and thus extend the argument that sound glosses in Han Dynasty comprise a small quantity of same rime, near rime, same initial, and that they cannot reflect the existing of consonant cluster.
字数16856
卓克基嘉戎语的非实然结构 林幼菁 非实然、嘉戎语、卓克基、语法范畴、违实、条件 语法 55
稿件标题卓克基嘉戎语的非实然结构
英文标题The Irrealis Construction in Cogtse Rgyalrong
作者姓名林幼菁
作者单位北京大学中文系
领域语法
关键词非实然、嘉戎语、卓克基、语法范畴、违实、条件
中文摘要
本文详细介绍了卓克基嘉戎语非实然语法范畴的构造与功能。将这个语言中[非实然1-+非实然2-+词干1]这个结构标记为非实然可说恰如其分,因为它不能构成真实条件小句,只能表达非真实、特别是违实的条件,而“违实”与“条件”正是语言中“非实然”这个语法范畴最普遍标记的功能。除此以外,卓克基嘉戎语的非实然结构还用在祈使、祈愿、愿望等义务情态句、犹豫中的未来时,以及以义务情态动词作主要谓语的宾语补语小句。非实然在卓克基话不只是语义概念,而是有专属形态构造表达的语法范畴。
英文摘要
This paper describes and analyzes the construction and functions of the category of Irrealis in Cogtse (A.K.A Zhuokeji) Rgyalrong. The construction [Irrealis1-+Irrealis2-+STEM1] can be aptly labeled Irrealis, as it is consistently required in counterfactual and unreal conditional structures. In addition to these two structures, Irrealis in Cogtse Rgyalrong is also used in imperatives, jusstives, optatives, deliberative futures, as well as complements to deontic matrix predicates. Irrealis in Cogtse is not merely a conceptual category; it is a valid grammatical category that has its own structure to express proto-typical irrealis meanings.
字数14207
重建官话方言音韵史的设想 秋谷裕幸 中原官话汾河片;官话方言;原始官话方言;音韵史方法论 语音、方言 55
稿件标题重建官话方言音韵史的设想
英文标题A preliminary discussion on the reconstruction of the phonological history of Mandarin dialects
作者姓名秋谷裕幸
作者单位爱媛大学法文学部
领域语音、方言
关键词中原官话汾河片;官话方言;原始官话方言;音韵史方法论
中文摘要
本文简述笔者正在所进行官话方言音韵史研究的主要内容、方法和目的。官话方言音韵史的主要目的是构拟原始官话方言。原始官话方言的构拟要分两个步骤:“原始中原官话汾河片的构拟”和“原始官话方言的构拟”。本文介绍构拟工作的一些具体情况。
英文摘要
This paper is a preliminary report on the reconstruction of the phonological history of Mandarin dialects, which the author is now researching. It describes main contents, methods and the goal of this reseach. The purpose of the Mandarin phonological history is the reconstrution of Proto-Mandarin. It takes two steps: the reconstrution of Proto Fenhe subgroup of Zhongyuan Mandarin and the reconstrution of Proto-Mandarin. This paper presents some results of the research.
字数36776
汉语方言江宕摄舒声开口非知二庄组字的合口化现象及其启示 王为民 江宕摄 合口化 后圆唇元音 知庄章 语音、方言 55
稿件标题汉语方言江宕摄舒声开口非知二庄组字的合口化现象及其启示
英文标题The Phenomenon of The Openning and Non-checked Tone Characters with Non-division II Zhi(知)And Zhuang(庄)Initials of Jiang(江) and Dang(宕) Rhyme Groups Increasing Rounding Media -u- In Chinese Dialects and Its Enlightenment
作者姓名王为民
作者单位山西大学 语言科学研究所
领域语音、方言
关键词江宕摄 合口化 后圆唇元音 知庄章
中文摘要
汉语方言江宕摄舒声开口非知二庄组字的合口化现象表明,江宕摄舒声开口字的合口化现象不仅涉及二三等字,也包含宕摄开口一等字,这与江宕摄入声开口字的合口化现象具有相似性,是r介音说无法解释的。江宕摄主元音的后圆唇性是其开口字发生合口化现象的基础,圆唇性越高开口字越容易合口化。官话方言江宕摄舒声开口仅有知二庄组字发生合口化与[ʃ]类声母的圆唇性质、[i]介音的存留和脱落及江宕摄主元音的持续低化并最终失去圆唇性有密切关系。
英文摘要
The phenomenon of the opening and Non-checked tone characters with non-division II Zhi (知)and Zhuang (庄)initials of Jiang (江)and Dang (宕) rhyme groups increasing rounding media -u- in Chinese dialects shows that the phenomenon of the opening characters with non-checked tone increasing rounding media -u- in is not only including division II or III characters, but also division I ones, which is similar to the corresponding characters with entering tone, and cannot be explained by -r- theory. Having back and rounding vowel is the main basis for explaining why the opening characters increasing -u- media in Jiang and Dang rhyme groups. In Mandarin Dialects, only the characters with division II, Zhi and Zhuang initials and non-checked tone in Jiang and Dang rhyme groups increased -u- media, which is related to the rounding property of [ʃ] initials, retention of [i] media, and the vowels of Jiang and Dang becoming lower and lower and last losing rounding property.
字数15882
云澳方言 闽南方言 “囝” 语义类别 语法功能 功能演变 张静芬 闽南方言 “囝” 语义类别 语法功能 语音、方言 55
稿件标题云澳方言 闽南方言 “囝” 语义类别 语法功能 功能演变
英文标题The function and Evolution of Jian(囝) in Yun’ao Min Dialect
作者姓名张静芬
作者单位香港科技大学
领域语音、方言
关键词闽南方言 “囝” 语义类别 语法功能
中文摘要
本文描写粤东云澳闽南方言“囝”的语义类别及语法功能,讨论“囝”的两个独立使用的小称读音的区别,并兼及其他闽南方言,进一步探讨“囝”的功能及演变。语义类别上,若“囝”可表动作弱,则必可表性状轻微和表小,依次类推如下:表小>表性状轻微>表动作弱;在“表小”语义类别中,“囝”在不同名词类别中有如下语义扩展顺序:动物类>植物类>人造物类>亲属称谓和事物的量>自然实体和身体器官。语法功能上,“囝”的用法主要集中在词法层面上,可作实语素(单音名词和复合词词根)和虚语素(小称后缀、转义名词后缀、纯名词后缀),还可作正处在词根向词缀过渡的“指人名词准后缀”;句法层面上,“囝”作数量词、量词标记在大多数闽南方言中均有表现,而性状弱化标记、动作弱化标记仅在福建本土闽南方言和海南方言中较为发达。最后,本文对云澳方言的“囝”兼有两种小称读音的性质及来源做出解释,认为这是闽南方言内部接触形成的现象,而云澳方言的小称双后缀形式“X+a3 + kĩã3”不同于厦门方言的情况,是小称最高级的表现。
英文摘要
Jian(囝) can serve as a diminutive form as well as a content word in Southern-Min dialect. The semantic categories and grammatical functions of the two diminutive pronunciation of Jian in Yun’ao dialect are examined closely and many of which are not noted in previous studies. A functional hierarchy is proposed here for the different semantic categories observed in Yun’ao dialect and other nine Southern Min dialects: ① denoting smallness of things > ② denoting slightness of property > ③ denoting slightness of action. If Jian in one dialect denotes the meaning on level three in the hierarchy, it also encodes the functions on level one and level two. In addition, in denoting smallness of things, the functional extension of Jian is observed to have developed as follows: animal > plant > artifact > kinship term and quantity > natural entity and body part. As for the grammatical functions, Jian can act as an empty morpheme as well as a regular morpheme at the lexical level and can function as a marker of quantitative structure, adjective, adverbial and verb at the syntax level. However, the function of Jian at the syntax level is not prolific at this point, as it is not observed in most of the dialects have examined. This study further discusses the special use of Jian found in Yun’ao Min dialect. The two diminutive pronunciation of Jian existed in Yun’ao dialect at the same time is due to language contact. Different from Xiamen dialect, the form of dual suffix in Yun’ao dialect is the way to signify the superlative degree of diminutive.
字数24287
“轻动词”之涵义辨析并论“加以”和“进行”的论元结构 邓盾 light verb 轻动词 加以 进行 论元结构 语义角色标注 现汉、语法 55
稿件标题“轻动词”之涵义辨析并论“加以”和“进行”的论元结构
英文标题On the Meaning of “light verb” and the Argument Structure of Jiayi (加以) and Jinxing(进行) in Mandarin
作者姓名邓盾
作者单位清华大学中文系
领域现汉、语法
关键词light verb 轻动词 加以 进行 论元结构 语义角色标注
中文摘要
本文首先对“light verb”和“轻动词”这两个术语的内涵进行了梳理,然后简要讨论了英语的do、日语的suru以及英语的take等具有实际语音形式的“light verbs”在论元结构上的特性。以此为基础,文章考察了“加以”和“进行”两个动词词条,以检验现代汉语里是否存在具有实际语音形式的“轻动词”。我们讨论了上述两个动词词条的论元结构
和句法表现,并分析了以这两个动词为主要动词的句子的事件语义。结论是:“加以”是一个带施事(Agent)、对象(Goal)、受事(Theme)的三元动词,而“进行”是一个带受事论元的非宾格(unaccusative)动词,它们词义虚化的感觉是由它们必须带事件名词作宾语并必须与事件名词进行论元整合的事实导致的。现代汉语似乎还没有语法化出do和suru那样真正意义上的“轻动词”。
英文摘要
Kuo and Ting (2007) claim that the Mandarin verb jiayi(加以) is a light verb that takes an incorporated verbal noun as its object just like the Japanese light verb suru (cf. Grimshaw and Mester 1988). They also argue that the verb jinxing(进行) can be used either as a heavy verb or a light verb, depending on whether the theme argument of the verbal noun taken by the verb appears on the clausal level (light verb use) or inside the complex NP projected by the verbal noun(heavy verb use). In this paper, I argue against Kuo and Ting (2007) to show that the two verbs are not light verbs but lexical verbs that have their own argument structure and are capable of assigning theta-roles. I show that the verb jiayi takes three arguments and assigns Agent, Goal and Theme to each of them. This explains facts about how the three arguments of the verb are realized in the syntax. I provide evidence to show that jinxing is an unaccusative verb which takes a verbal noun as its theme argument. I analyze the event semantics of sentences with these two verbs as the main verb to show that the two verbs both denote a complex event, which further suggests the two verbs are not light verbs. The discussion of this paper has implications for theoretical issues such as argument structure and theta-marking and applied issues in NLP such as semantic role labeling.
字数23694
汉语名词和动词的心理学实验研究综观 乐耀 名词 动词 实验研究 综述 现汉、综合 55
稿件标题汉语名词和动词的心理学实验研究综观
英文标题Review of Psychological Experimental Studies on Nouns and Verbs in Chinese
作者姓名乐耀
作者单位中国社会科学院语言研究所
领域现汉、综合
关键词名词 动词 实验研究 综述
中文摘要
文章对汉语名词和动词的心理语言学实验研究进行综述。其中主要包括儿童语言习得(产出和感知实验)、利用功能磁共振成像(fMRI)、脑电事件相关电位(ERP)等技术手段展开的词类实验研究。文章对已有的重要实验进行了较为全面的梳理并做了简要评价。
英文摘要
This paper is a review on psychological experimental studies on nouns and verbs in Chinese. Based on the evidence of recent related experimental studies, including perceptual experiments and production studies of word class acquisition by children and adult studies by fMRI and ERPs, the report shows that not only can grammatical theory be used to explain experimental results and be tested by experimental studies, but also experimental studies call for updating the grammatical theory which will in reverse improve and deepen experimental studies.
字数28479
韵律、句法和语义,谁制约了谁? 周韧 韵律 句法 语义 复合词 互动关系 现汉 55
稿件标题韵律、句法和语义,谁制约了谁?
英文标题Which is the First Priority, Prosody, Syntax or Semantics?
作者姓名周韧
作者单位北京语言大学
领域现汉
关键词韵律 句法 语义 复合词 互动关系
中文摘要
本文认为:汉语中一些被看成是“韵律制约句法语义”的现象,其实也能从“语义语用制约韵律”的角度重新诠释。本文首先指出目前通行的一些韵律规则本身就包含了句法语义因素在内,因此用这些“韵律规则”来突出说明“韵律制约句法语义”并不可靠。文章进而回顾了汉语中几类复合词的构造过程,过去认为韵律在这些复合词的构造中起了决定性作用,我们重新审视了相关讨论,并依靠一些新的语料事实进行再次分析,说明这几类复合词的构造过程更适宜看成是“语义语用规则对韵律的制约”。最后,简要介绍一下心理学界关于汉语动宾结构韵律模式的一则脑电实验。
英文摘要
Some Mandarin data, which was considered to be the proof of “prosody overriding syntax and semantic”, now can be reexplained in the perspective of “semantic and pragmatic constraining prosody”. Firstly, the paper points out that a lot of current prosody rules are unconvincing to prove the “prosody syntax” since these rules themselves compose of some syntactic and semantic factors. We reanalyze the formation of several kinds of Mandarin compounds, which was thought to be the case study of “prosody overriding syntax and semantics”, with some new data and believes that such Mandarin compound formations are more appropriate to be considered as case study of“ semantic or pragmatic constrains prosody”. Finally, An ERP experiment is introduced in the paper for supporting our ideas. We are now tending to say that in most cases, prosodic form is a kind of encoding of semantic and pragmatic information.
字数17663
从语义地图看五味之词的语义演变 潘秋平 张家敏 语义地图 五味之词 语义演变 现汉、语义 55
稿件标题从语义地图看五味之词的语义演变
英文标题Semantic Extension of Words Expressing the Five Cardinal Tastes: A Semantic Map Approach
作者姓名潘秋平 张家敏
领域现汉、语义
关键词语义地图 五味之词 语义演变
中文摘要
Haspelmath(2003) 所提出的“语义地图模型”(Semantic Map Model)虽着重讨论如何从共时的多义现象勾勒出普遍的概念空间,也为研究语义演变的规律提供新的分析手段。这些研究成果的一个显著的特点是都把重点放在虚词上,而词汇既然是由实词和虚词组成的,我们当然也不能忽略对实词的语义演变规律的探讨。本文以五味之词来讨论实词的语义演变规律。这里所谓的语义演变着重于实词非虚化的语义演变现象。
英文摘要
Studies regarding the regularities of semantic change have focused on grammatical morphemes and grammaticalization. The main concern of this paper is the regularities of semantic change in content words. The semantic map model proposed by Haspelmath (2003) has proven to be a useful tool in conducting cross-linguistic study. Content words which express concepts related to the human body have the highest chance of demonstrating regularities in their semantic change. Hence, in this paper, we will study the words of the five tastes, namely; sweet, bitter, sour, salty and spicy in six languages and their meaning extensions into different semantic domains using the semantic map model.
字数37250
基本词“踩”的出现及相关问题 杨荣贤 “踩” 产生 字形演变 语音演变 古汉、语义 55
稿件标题基本词“踩”的出现及相关问题
英文标题The origin of the Basic Word Cǎi(踩)in Modern Chinese
作者姓名杨荣贤
作者单位安徽师范大学文学院
领域古汉、语义
关键词“踩” 产生 字形演变 语音演变
中文摘要
现代汉语普通话中表踩踏义的主导词用“踩”。汉语史上,“踩”早在《庄子》中就已经出现,字形作“跐”,正音“cǐ”,其又读音归蟹韵。明中叶以后,“跐”字蟹韵一读逐渐由又音获得正音地位,音“cǎi”,并延续至今。“踩”这一字形的确定也历经跐、踹、采、躧、 、跴、 、採、踩等多种形体的演变。与现代汉语普通话中的基本词“踩”音形义完全吻合的 “踩”字的出现则晚至清代中后期。
英文摘要
The meaning of“ tread” in standard Mandarin is presented by the basic word cai(踩). In Chinese language history, cai emerged early in Zhuangzi(《庄子》) with haracter form “跐”, standard pronunciation“ cǐ” and nonstandard pronunciation as those in Xiè(蟹) rhyme. After the mid-Ming Dynasty, the nonstandard pronunciation cǎi has gradually been identified as the standard pronunciation, and remains alive today. The form of the character 踩(cai)finally emerged in the middle and later periods of Qing Dynasty after sequentially emerging of the forms跐, 踹, 采, 躧, , 跴, , which are completely consistent with the basic word cai(踩)in sound-formmeaning in standard Mandarin.
字数9906
基于EPG和EGG的朝鲜语塞音和塞擦音发音生理研究 李英浩、张京花 朝鲜语 塞音 塞擦音 松紧对立 动态电子腭位 声门阻抗 语音 54
稿件标题基于EPG和EGG的朝鲜语塞音和塞擦音发音生理研究
作者姓名李英浩、张京花
作者单位延边大学外国语学院
领域语音
关键词朝鲜语 塞音 塞擦音 松紧对立 动态电子腭位 声门阻抗
中文摘要
本文利用动态电子腭位(EPG)和声门阻抗(EGG)对朝鲜语中音位三分对立的塞音和塞擦音的发音生理进行了分析,结果显示,朝鲜语紧、松和送气辅音存在不同的发音生理表征,辅音松紧对立与声带以及声门上主发音器官动作的紧张程度密切相关。此外,对朝鲜语塞擦音发音部位的分析表明,朝鲜语塞擦音的成阻部位与齿龈塞音相同,都位于齿龈部位;塞擦音的成阻点位置有可能存在性别差异,女性发音人的成阻点位置更靠前。
字数18756
小金嘉戎语的缺性声调系统 林幼菁、胡琛莹 嘉戎语 小金话 缺性 声调 词调 语音 54
稿件标题小金嘉戎语的缺性声调系统
作者姓名林幼菁、胡琛莹
作者单位北京大学中文系
领域语音
关键词嘉戎语 小金话 缺性 声调 词调
中文摘要
小金话为四土嘉戎语的一个方言。本文旨在对小金话声调系统进行初步描写与分析,根据语言事实,主张小金话的声调呈现出“缺性声调系统(Privative tone)”的格局,而且小金话的声调基本定义单位是词,即一个词无论音节多寡,只带一个声调。这样的声调系统不仅能区别词汇意义,在语法范畴的表达上更起到了重要的作用。小金话有/HL/、/H.L/及/Φ/三个声调,在词汇的层面是一个三元对立的格局;然而,在语法变化的标记上,小金话/H.L/声调呈现出摇摆于/HL/和零声调/Φ/之间的情况。本文也将目前对小金话声调系统的分析与嘉戎语群其它的声调语言做一个简单的对比,并且在结论处讨论“嘉戎语是不是声调语言”以及“原始嘉戎语有没有声调”这两个经常被提及的问题,同时根据目前研究所得提出解答。
英文摘要
This paper presents an analysis and description of the tone system of Btsanlha, a dialect of Situ Rgyalrong. This study shows that Btsanlha exhibits a privative tone system that takes the word as the basic domain for contrast, and that tone has an important role to pay in both lexicon and grammar. In terms of lexicon, three tones (/HL/, /H.L/ and zero //) contrast with each other; however, while serving in grammatical marking, the tone /H.L/ aligns with /HL/ and // respectively in different grammatical environments. Based on the analysis established in this study, this paper compares the tone system of Btsanlha with that of other Rgyalrong languages that are also tonal. The paper concludes with a brief discussion of two frequently-asked questions regarding tone in Rgyalrong: “Is Rgyalrong a tone language?” and “Is Proto-Rgyalrong tonal?”
字数18038
古藏语后置辅音w的表意及表音功能 桑塔、达哇彭措、孔江平 古藏语 后置辅音-w- wazur 表意 表音 语音 54
稿件标题古藏语后置辅音w的表意及表音功能
英文标题On the Tibetan medial –w-
作者姓名桑塔、达哇彭措、孔江平
作者单位北京大学中文系
领域语音
关键词古藏语 后置辅音-w- wazur 表意 表音
中文摘要
本文通过考察藏语书面文献和现代藏语方言材料,并同时参考历代藏族学者的观点,讨论了古藏语后置辅音-w-在藏文初创时的功能。研究发现,-w-的功能并不是像之前的语言学家所认为那么简单,其功能实际上要相对复杂。具体来说,它除了在局部范围内具有表音功能以外,而在大多数情况下主要是承担表意功能的,即具有区别同音词、表示基字、表示词缀-ba以及表示Ca类音节为语素而不是音素等功能。
英文摘要
By examining different origins of the written Tibetan words which contain medial –w- and referring to the notions of traditional Tibetan linguists , this paper proves that Tibetan medial –w-, among its inherited words, is likely to be morphemic, rather than phonologically functional, while it could be phonemic among the loan words.
字数9560
焦点和句末音高的恒定、变异及其相关问题 王韫佳、东孝拓、丁多永 语调 焦点 调域 恒定和变异 现汉、语音 54
稿件标题焦点和句末音高的恒定、变异及其相关问题
作者姓名王韫佳、东孝拓、丁多永
作者单位北京大学中文系
领域现汉、语音
关键词语调 焦点 调域 恒定和变异
中文摘要
本文使用声学分析的方法观察了普通话语调中焦点音高和句末音高的稳定性。在实验句中,焦点被分别置于句首、句中和句末位置,对各种位置上焦点音节的音高以及焦点词调域进行了对比。实验结果表明:(1)在其他因素被控制的条件下,焦点音节音高和焦点词调域在句中不同位置上倾向于保持恒定,焦点词之后的音高落差也保持恒定。(2)焦点音节的音高实现受到它在焦点词内位置和前接声调的影响,但与其音高恒定性相比这种影响的力度较弱。(3)在声调顺向同化作用的影响下,句中焦点音节的音高有微弱变化,但句末音高所受句首和句中声调的作用不显著。实验结果暗示着语调的骨骼成分具有音高上的默认值。在上述结果和前人研究的基础上,本文对从语调骼成分的音高默认值到语调短语中各音节F0实现的多层级音高调节过程进行了梳理。
字数26027
1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | .. | >