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标题 作者 关键词 领域 辑号 下载
汉语调查方法的思考 高晓虹 汉语调查;字音调查法;词语调查法 现汉、方言、理论 43
稿件标题汉语调查方法的思考
英文标题Thoughts on the Methods of Investigating Chinese Dialects
作者姓名高晓虹
作者单位北京语言大学
领域现汉、方言、理论
关键词汉语调查;字音调查法;词语调查法
中文摘要
20世纪初以来汉语调查有两种不同的方式,本文暂称为“字音调查法”和“词语调查法”。其中“字音调查法”使用普遍而“词语调查法”却鲜有人使用。本文指出,汉语、汉字的特点以及音韵研究传统、研究者的兴趣和目的是“字音调查法”得以普遍使用的主要原因。
英文摘要
Two ways have been used to investigate Chinese dialects since the beginning of the 20th Century: character-based investigation, which is used widely, and word-investigation, which is hardly used. This paper points out that the choice of method is determined by the characteristics of Chinese characters and Chinese language, traditional phonology, as well as the interests and purposes of researchers.
字数9580
苏州话[i]元音的语音学分析 凌锋 摩擦元音 发音 共振峰 元音高化 语音、方言 43
稿件标题苏州话[i]元音的语音学分析
英文标题A phonetic study of vowel [i] in the Suzhou Wu dialect
作者姓名凌锋
作者单位上海大学中文系
领域语音、方言
关键词摩擦元音 发音 共振峰 元音高化
中文摘要
本研究从发音和声学两个角度调查了苏州话两个前高元音[iz]和[i]的语音属性。研究表明,前者是一个摩擦元音,其发音部位比常见的前高元音更靠前;后者基本是个典型的前高元音。研究还发现发音部位比[i]更靠前的元音,其发音-声学关系跟普通元音正相反,部位越前,第二共振峰就越低。最后,本研究不但证实了苏州话的摩擦元音[iz]确实是元音高化的结果,还合理解释舌面元音[i]发展成舌尖元音的变化过程。
英文摘要
This study investigates the articulatory and acoustic properties of the two high front vowels [iz] and [i] in the Suzhou Wu dialect. The results show that [iz] is a fricative vowel, which is more advanced than normal front vowels, while [i] is a typical hig-front vowel. The study also explains the correlation between F2 and vowel backness for those vowels which are located at more advanced positions than the cardinal [i], and the procedure for sound change from a dorsal [i] to an apical vowel in the Suzhou Wu dialect.
字数12876
从“这话从何说起?”说起 蔡维天 汉语句法 非典疑问词 惊叹句 语法化 词汇化 制图理论 现汉、语法 43
稿件标题从“这话从何说起?”说起
英文标题On Atypical Wh-expressions in Chinese
作者姓名蔡维天
作者单位台湾新竹清华大学语言学研究所
领域现汉、语法
关键词汉语句法 非典疑问词 惊叹句 语法化 词汇化 制图理论
中文摘要
本文以汉语疑问词的非典用法为着眼点,来研究词法、句法、语义及语用之间的互动关系。文中指出语法各部门之间的映射一方面具有高度的原则性和系统性,另一方面却也常受到认知和历史因素的影响。我们认为前者可以所谓的“制图理论”来规范,而后者则需引入语法化、词汇化的机制来解释:亦即在共时的面向上,从词汇层、曲折层到补词层其结构位置和意义诠释的对应是井然有序的;然而在异时的面向上,疑问词由实到虚的演化历程虽然也循序渐进,却时而会发生在词法中结晶定格的现象,导引出不受句法节制的惊叹或否认用法。
英文摘要
Based on a variety of atypical construals of Chinese wh-expressions, this paper sets out to explore a grey area where morphology, syntax, semantics, and pragmatics interact with one another. It is pointed out that the mapping between grammatical components is highly principled on the one hand, but under great influence from cognitive and historical factors on the other. We argue that the former generalization can be captured under the so-called Cartographic Approach, while the latter observations may receive proper treatment with a fine-grained theory of grammaticalization and lexicalization. Namely, on the synchronic front, the division among lexical, inflectional, complementizer layers correctly predicts a close correspondence between structural positions and semantic interpretations. On the diachronic front, while there is still a systematic lexical-to-functional transition along syntactic projections, we do find cases where lexicalization takes effect in locking exclamative/negative force into a particular wh regardless its syntactic distribution.
字数10908
篇章管界再探讨 马国彦 现汉、语篇 43
稿件标题篇章管界再探讨
英文标题Governing Scope in Text Revisited
作者姓名马国彦
作者单位河南大学国际汉学院;复旦大学中文系
领域现汉、语篇
中文摘要
提  要  本文在廖秋忠及其他学者研究的基础上,进一步探讨前人尚未系统讨论的一些篇章管界问题。讨论了管领的方向性、可调节性、可传导性与管界的关系。主要分析了:(1)管界的三种向度:前向管界、后向管界和双向管界。(2)管界的域值:管界的实和虚的制约因素,虚实对立在管界域值上的表现;管界域值的调节方式。(3) 管界的可传导性、管领成分的堆栈与管界结构复杂化的关系。(4)管界结构复杂化的多种表现形态,如管界平列、管界套叠、管界套接、管界断续、管界融合等。
英文摘要
On the foundation of Liao Qiuzhong and other scholars’ studies, this paper furtherly discusses some problems of the governing scope in text which has not yet been systematically discussed. We analyzed the following issues: (1) two kinds of directions of the governing scope: single(forward and backward) and bidirectional; (2) territory value of the governing scope: restriction factors of reality and empty in the governing scope, and the reflection of their opposition in the territory value; regulating methods of territory value. (3) relations between the covering, the stacking and the complication of governing scope structure. (4) two types of the complication of the boundary: regular embed and irregular embed structure, and several forms of  irregular embed structure, such as scope crossing, scope integration, and scope intermittence.
字数21897
现代汉语引证类传信语“据说”和“听说”的使用差异 乐耀 据说;听说;去范畴化;语义韵律;传信 现汉、语法、语篇 43
稿件标题现代汉语引证类传信语“据说”和“听说”的使用差异
英文标题On the Differences between Chinese Hearsay Evidentials Jùshuō and Tīngshuō
作者姓名乐耀
作者单位北京大学中文系
领域现汉、语法、语篇
关键词据说;听说;去范畴化;语义韵律;传信
中文摘要
现代汉语中“据说”和“听说”都是表示其后引导的信息来自听说传闻而非亲身经历的一类传信语。文章通过考察一定规模的不同语体语料,分别从篇章语体、句法表现、语义韵律和传信功能四个方面来讨论解释这两个传信语的使用差异及其成因。“听说”偏爱使用在日常口语言谈中,它具有典型的动词语法特征,还只是兼职的传信语。“据说”逐渐丧失动词典型的语法特征,已经语法化为专职的传信标记,在语言使用中,它具有“意外、惊讶”的语义韵律特征。
英文摘要
Jushuo and tingshuo are two Chinese evidentials which show that the information followed them is acquired through hearsay rather than direct experience. In this paper, we will take a usage-based approach and use corpus of mandarin Chinese to discuss the differences between jushuo and tingshuo in terms of text genre, syntactic behavior, semantic prosody and evidential function. We find that tingshuo is preferred to be used in spoken Chinese, and it has the typical grammatical features of verb. However, jushuo experiences the process of decategorilization from the grammatical category of typical verbs, which has gradually grammaticalized into an evidential marker. Jushuo has the semantic prosodies of unexpectedness or surprise, which emerge from the context use. Therefore, we can say jushuo has the meaning of mirativity, which covers speaker’s ‘unprepared mind’, unexpected information and concomitant surprise.
字数18811
现代汉语谓词结构的事件性及其主要制约因素考察 王媛 体;事件性;终结性;过程性 现汉、语法 43
稿件标题现代汉语谓词结构的事件性及其主要制约因素考察
英文标题The Eventuality of Verbal Phrases in Mandarin Chinese
作者姓名王媛
作者单位北京大学中文系
领域现汉、语法
关键词体;事件性;终结性;过程性
中文摘要
本文根据持续性、终结性、过程性三个语义特征把谓词性结构区分为四种事件性类型,并且提出相应的判断标准。根据这些标准,本文分析了汉语中影响谓词结构的事件性的各主要因素,包括主语、宾语、介词结构、状语、补语以及其他一些因素,比如否定结构、动态助词等的影响,讨论了这些因素对谓词结构的事件性造成影响的作用机制。
英文摘要
Based on the behaviors in terms of stativity, telicity and progressiveness, we divide the VPs into four types and propose four criteria to distinguish types of eventuality. The study examines the various factors that constrain the eventuality of the VPs, namely, the subjects, the direct objects, the preposition phrases, the adverbial phrases and some other constructions, such as the negative constructions and the verbal particles. The study shows how these factors constrain the eventuality and suggests some underlying mechanisms.
字数12284
汉语运动事件要素词化模式的古今演化 史文磊 运动事件;运动动词;语义要素;词化模式;汉语;古今演化 现汉、古汉、语法 43
稿件标题汉语运动事件要素词化模式的古今演化
英文标题On Diachronic Changes of Lexicalization of Semantic Elements of Motion Events in Chinese History
作者姓名史文磊
作者单位浙江大学 汉语史研究中心
领域现汉、古汉、语法
关键词运动事件;运动动词;语义要素;词化模式;汉语;古今演化
中文摘要
本文旨在从历时的角度考察汉语运动事件要素在词化模式演化过程中所表现出来的古今差异,考察对象以运动动词为主。调查结果显示,从上古汉语到中古、近现代汉语,汉语运动事件要素的词化模式经历了以下几大变化:1)从隐含到呈现:[方式]、[构向]、[指向]、[体]等从隐含到呈现;2)从综合到分析:[方式]与[路径]、[运动]与[主体]、[运动]与[背景]、[运动]与[路径]、[路径x]与[路径y]、[致使]与[路径]从综合到分析;3)同一动词内各类语义要素交替:不同[路径]片段、[方式]与[路径]、中立动词之行为义与运动义之间的交替;4)从重路径到重方式等。同时,从类型学的视角提出了对汉语运动事件词化模式的几点思考
英文摘要
This paper describes some diachronic differences in lexicalization of semantic elements of motion events in the history of Chinese language. There are four principal aspects of the shift in lexicalization pattern of motion events from Old Chinese to Modern Chinese: 1) some originally covertly expressed semantic elements need to be expressed overtly overtime; 2) some originally conflated semantic components gradually split, and must be expressed by different forms separately, namely they underwent a change from synthetic to analytic; 3) some semantic elements in a motion verb experienced alternation in terms of the lexicalization pattern; 4) there is a tendency that the semantic element [MANNER] gets more and more attention overtime, while [PATH] was a focus in Old Chinese. Based on the data, some notes are made from the perspective of lexicalization typology.
字数25402
谐声字族和汉语双字构词的一项限制条件 叶文曦 构词规则 谐声字族 复合构词 古汉、语法、理论 43
稿件标题谐声字族和汉语双字构词的一项限制条件
英文标题One Constraint on Chinese Word-Formation: From the Viewpoint of the Group of Phonetic Compound Characters
作者姓名叶文曦
作者单位北京大学中文系 北京大学汉语语言学研究中心
领域古汉、语法、理论
关键词构词规则 谐声字族 复合构词
中文摘要
本文从谐声字族的角度观察汉语双字复合词的构造,发现汉语双字组配的一个限制条件:如果甲字和乙字同属一个谐声字族,那么,甲字一般不能和乙字组配。本文从汉语编码的角度初步解释了这个限制条件存在的原因。
英文摘要
In Chinese language,if the character A and the character B belong to the same group of Phonetic Compound Characters, generally, the character A can not combine with the character B to construct one compound word.This paper explains the underlied reason from the perspective of Chinese coding.
字数9788
《广韵》所引《玉篇》辑考 丁治民 《大宋重修广韵》 孙强增字《玉篇》 原本《玉篇》 《大广益会玉篇》 《篆隶万象名义》 古汉 43
稿件标题《广韵》所引《玉篇》辑考
英文标题An Examination of Yupian Quoted in Guangyun
作者姓名丁治民
作者单位温州大学 人文学院
领域古汉
关键词《大宋重修广韵》 孙强增字《玉篇》 原本《玉篇》 《大广益会玉篇》 《篆隶万象名义》
中文摘要
《大宋重修广韵》所引《玉篇》为唐孙强增字《玉篇》,即上元本,共七十字。通过收字和训释等方面与《篆隶万象名义》和《大广益会玉篇》比较,孙强增字《玉篇》的原貌及特点方可勾稽一二。
英文摘要
The 70 Chinese characters of Yupian quoted in Guangyun are from the version supplemented by Sun Qiang in the Tang dynasty. After having compared it with Zhuanliwanxiangmingyi and Daguangyihuiyupian on the aspects of collected-characters and connotations, the original appearance and characteristics of the version of Yupian by Sun Qiang can be partially tracked.
Keywords:
字数7276
释甲骨文的“戾”和“体” 宋华强 古汉 43
稿件标题释甲骨文的“戾”和“体”
英文标题Interpreting li 戾 and ti体 in the oracle Bone Inscriptions
作者姓名宋华强
作者单位武汉大学历史学院
领域古汉
中文摘要
提要  本文认为殷墟甲骨文黄组卜辞的“ / ”就是后来的“戾”字,“戾”字所从“户”旁是由“ ”(“ ”的省形)形体中的“囗”(“𡆥”的省形)讹变而来。“戾”字应该分析为从“犬”、“𡆥”声,“𡆥”象肩胛骨上有卜兆之形,是兆体之“体”的表义初文。黄组卜辞用“戾”字表示灾戾之“戾”,其他类组卜辞则假借“体”的初文“𡆥/囗”以表示灾戾之“戾”。宾、出、历组卜辞“𡆥/囗”字用其本义,表示兆体之“体”,黄组卜辞则假借“ / ”(“戾”)字表示兆体之“体”。
关键词  甲骨文 戾 体 兆体 灾戾

英文摘要

The character   or   appeared in the inscriptions on the oracle bones and shells that are called as Huang Group from the late Shang is probably the original written form of the character lì 戾,and the component 户in the character 戾was transformed from the component 𡆥 or 囗in the character   and  . The character戾 was originally a phonogram with 犬 as its pictogram and 𡆥 or 囗 as its phonetic loan. The character 𡆥 or 囗 means a crack on an oracle bone which  is the original written form of the character tǐ 体, which also means the form of a crack on oracle bones or shells.In the oracle bone inscriptions of the Huang Group, the character 戾 stands for the word lì (戾) meaning a coming disaster or calamity which in the other groups of the oracle bone inscriptions is written with the character 𡆥 or囗. In the oracle bone inscriptions of Bin, Chu and Li groups the character 𡆥 or囗 stands for the character in its original meaning ,whereas in the Huang group the very same character is written with the character   or  .
Keywords:
字数11674
评项梦冰、曹晖《汉语方言地理学-入门与实践》 岩田礼 方言、理论 43
稿件标题评项梦冰、曹晖《汉语方言地理学-入门与实践》
作者姓名岩田礼
领域方言、理论
字数16890
王士元教授专访 Virginia Yip;Stephen Matthews(翻译:蔡雅菁) 43
稿件标题王士元教授专访
作者姓名Virginia Yip;Stephen Matthews(翻译:蔡雅菁)
字数12119
“语义地图模型”:原理、操作及在汉语多功能语法形式研究中的运用 张敏 语法、语义、理论 42
稿件标题“语义地图模型”:原理、操作及在汉语多功能语法形式研究中的运用
作者姓名张敏
作者单位香港科技大学
领域语法、语义、理论
字数42675
从语义地图看现代汉语“掉”类词的语义关联和虚化轨迹 翁珊珊、李小凡 概念空间 语义地图 跨方言比较 语法化 蕴涵共性 语法、语义、方言 42
稿件标题从语义地图看现代汉语“掉”类词的语义关联和虚化轨迹
英文标题The semantic connection and the grammaticalization process of diao (掉) words in the modern Chinese : From the Semantic Map
作者姓名翁珊珊、李小凡
作者单位北京大学中文系
领域语法、语义、方言
关键词概念空间 语义地图 跨方言比较 语法化 蕴涵共性
中文摘要
本文在前人对“掉”类词研究的基础上,以概念语义为纲,进行跨方言比较,通过绘制语义地图,深入分析“掉”类词的多种语义功能及其内在关系和语法化历程,并提出相关的蕴涵共性。
英文摘要
This paper carries on a thorough research on “diao” type words by cross-dialect comparison and semantic map construction, on the basis of precedent achievements related. “Diao” type words have different semantic functions, and the study focuses on the internal relations as well as grammaticalization process of those semantic functions, with semantic concept as the key link. Relevant implicational universals are also put forward in this paper.
字数14814
语义地图:理论简介与发展史述评 王瑞晶 语义地图,概念空间,语言类型学 语法、语义、理论、综合 42
稿件标题语义地图:理论简介与发展史述评
作者姓名王瑞晶
作者单位北京大学中文系
领域语法、语义、理论、综合
关键词语义地图,概念空间,语言类型学
中文摘要
语义地图是近二十年来在语言类型学研究中兴起的一个描写工具,它以“语义地图连续性假说”(Semantic Map Connectivity Hypothesis)为其主要设想,不仅为类型学研究提供了一种有效的表达方式,使得跨语言研究中涉及到的功能和形式上的差异得以清楚展现,同时也提出了“概念空间”为人类所共有的观点,从而进一步推动了对于人类语言共性的发掘与研究。本文将就语义地图的发展情况和基本操作方法及相关概念做一大体介绍(第一部分),并重点介绍语义地图理论和操作方法上的问题(第二部分)以及语义地图与语言类型学及其它语言学领域彼此间的影响(第三部分)
字数23560
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