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标题 作者 关键词 领域 辑号 下载
汉语的语气和句末助词 石定栩 语气 句末助词 CP 现汉 39
稿件标题汉语的语气和句末助词
作者姓名石定栩
领域现汉
关键词语气 句末助词 CP
中文摘要
本文首先梳理了与语气相关的几个概念,之后沿用朱德熙先生(1982)的做法,将句末语气助词分为三组,并且借用Rizz (1997, 2004a, 2004b) 的分层CP理论,为每组句末语气助词指定一个不同的结构位置,从而更好地解释句末助词的相互关系,以及句末助词同所附小句的句法语义关系。
补语小句分析和处所义结构的句法构造 沈阳 处所补语结构,处所双宾结构,小句理论,补语小句,空动词 现汉 39
稿件标题补语小句分析和处所义结构的句法构造
作者姓名沈阳
领域现汉
关键词处所补语结构,处所双宾结构,小句理论,补语小句,空动词
中文摘要
本文认为汉语乃至所有语言中并不存在所谓“双宾”的结构,双宾结构实际上都是基础动词结构的派生形式。文章采用“小句(SC)理论”和补语小句的分析方法,根据小句结构中包含定指名词和不定指名词的对立,建立了两种底层的处所补语小句形式,从而分析证明了汉语处所补语结构的各种派生结构,包括处所“把”字结构、处所话题结构、处所与格结构,以及处所双宾结构的句法构造。这一结论,特别是处所义双宾结构的构造分析,对于重新认识和分析汉语双宾结构的句法构造有一定参考意义。
再论宾语指向型动结式的结构 何元建、王玲玲 动结式 宾语指向 题元结构 现汉 39
稿件标题再论宾语指向型动结式的结构
作者姓名何元建、王玲玲
领域现汉
关键词动结式 宾语指向 题元结构
中文摘要
是否所有“V1-V2”形式都是动结式?动结式到底是复合词还是在句法中合成的形式?本文主要针对这两个问题对动结式的词结构、题元结构、分类及其谓语结构进行了再分析。得到的主要结论是:动结式分为动补型和非动补型两类,只有动补型动结式才具有宾语指向的特性;宾语指向型动结式又细分为宾格类和二元作格类;宾格谓语有两种深层结构,二元作格谓语是隐性使动句。
汉语话题化结构限制中的邻接条件、认知处理角度的论证 张敏 生成语法、话题化、提取、邻接条件、孤岛、认知处理 现汉 39
稿件标题汉语话题化结构限制中的邻接条件、认知处理角度的论证
作者姓名张敏
领域现汉
关键词生成语法、话题化、提取、邻接条件、孤岛、认知处理
中文摘要
汉语的话题化是否受制于邻接条件是近二十多年来汉语生成语法研究中的一项重大争议。本文大致梳理了正反双方提出的证据,认为汉语话题化的结构限制明显呈现出一种“弱孤岛效应”,亦即通常不易从特指的名词短语及特谓的子句中提取话题成分,而非特指、非特谓的提取所在结构通常允许提取,因此争论双方提出的证据基本上是互补的而非相互抵牾。本文进一步观察到,违例提取的实例都涉及提取所在结构的焦点设置,故无论是遵循邻接条件无法提取还是违反该条件可以合法提取的实例,都可以从认知处理的角度由认知心理学的激活扩散模型得到统一的解释。
The Biolinguistic Program: Where dose it stand today? 乔姆斯基(Chomsk,Noam) 生成语法 理论 39
稿件标题The Biolinguistic Program: Where dose it stand today?
作者姓名乔姆斯基(Chomsk,Noam)
领域理论
关键词生成语法
中文摘要
Before discussing language, we have to be clear about what we mean by the term. Sometimes it used to refer to human language; sometimes it is used to refer to any symbolic system or mode of communication or representation, as when one speaks of the language of the bees, or programming languages, or the language of the stars, and so on. Here I will keep to the first sense: human language, a particular object of the biological world. The study of language, so understood, has come to be called the biolinguistic  perspective.
Among the many puzzling questions about language, two are salient: First, why are there any languages at all?  Second, why are there so many languages?
Is ACD Evidence for LF-Movent 李亚非(Li, Yafei) ACD, LF, VP-Ellipsis 理论 39
稿件标题Is ACD Evidence for LF-Movent
作者姓名李亚非(Li, Yafei)
领域理论
关键词ACD, LF, VP-Ellipsis
中文摘要
Since the late 1970’s, covert constituent movement at LF has been taken to be well-established, forming the basis for much literature in the UG model of language. Heim and Kratzer (2000) listed three types of evidence for LF-movement: scopal interactions, quantifier-bound anaphors, and antecedent-contained deletion (ACD). It is the goal of this paper to put the nature of ACD under spotlight. In particular, an alternative (and arguably more coherent) analysis of ACD is proposed according to which ACD itself is simply irrelevant to LF-movement. What is reported here is the first part of an ongoing research project which will eventually examine how the proposed alternative theory accounts for the interactions between ACD and other syntactic and/or semantic phenomena.
A Theoretical exploration of Prosodic Syntax 冯胜利(Feng, Shengli) prosodic syntax, filter model, Prosodically triggered verb reduplication, Prosodically Triggered Resultative Verb Raising, Bidirectional Hypothesis 理论 39
稿件标题A Theoretical exploration of Prosodic Syntax
作者姓名冯胜利(Feng, Shengli)
领域理论
关键词prosodic syntax, filter model, Prosodically triggered verb reduplication, Prosodically Triggered Resultative Verb Raising, Bidirectional Hypothesis
中文摘要
The study investigates prosody-constrained syntax and its implications. The striking facts revealed here lead naturally to some theoretical considerations: How can we capture the implication exhibited from the facts that prosodic features may be syntactic as well, and how can we accommodate them into contemporary linguistic theories? Furthermore, what will the architecture of the grammatical system look like with respect to prosodically constrained syntax?  This study attempts to investigate these questions.
Henda Guwu--More on the Type Matching Constraint on Modification 黄师哲(Huang)、李艳惠(Li) adjectives, modification, conjunction, 的 ‘de’, 和 ‘he’ 理论 39
稿件标题Henda Guwu--More on the Type Matching Constraint on Modification
作者姓名黄师哲(Huang)、李艳惠(Li)
领域理论
关键词adjectives, modification, conjunction, 的 ‘de’, 和 ‘he’
中文摘要
This article further develops the basic tenet of Huang (2006), which argues for a semantic type-matching constraint on modification. We point out that the more stringent sortal matching constraint as defined in the same article makes wrong predictions on data, and we analyze henda guwu ‘great encouragement’ as a case of intersection between two type <e,t> entities, as first proposed in Huang (2001). This treatment of henda guwu leads to a uniform account of some puzzling phenomena in Chinese, such as the ungrammatical modification structure *henda chitang ‘big pond’ but grammatical modification structure henda yige chitang ‘a big pond.’ On the issue of why most modification structures allow for 的 ‘de’  as in [modifier +de+ modifiee], while there is much more restriction on de-less modification as in [modifier+modifiee], we suggest that in de-less modification, the modifier and modifiee form conjunction as sisters and therefore must meet the type matching constraint in order for intersection to take place. Whereas, with de in the modification structure, the modifier and modifier are not sisters (Li 2008), and do not have to be of the same semantic type, thus allowing for greater flexibility. We suggest that this latter case is possible either because de insures type matching between the modifier and modifiee by being a type shifter or its presence makes the type matching constraint null.
De的as an Underspecified Classifier: First Explotations 郑礼珊(Cheng, Lisa)司马翎(Sybesma) Chinese ‘de’, Cantonese ge3, classifier 现汉 39
稿件标题De的as an Underspecified Classifier: First Explotations
作者姓名郑礼珊(Cheng, Lisa)司马翎(Sybesma)
领域现汉
关键词Chinese ‘de’, Cantonese ge3, classifier
中文摘要
The study investigates the syntax and semantics of ‘de’ in Chinese. There are several issues to be discussed:  I. what is the distribution of modifiers with and those without de (and what are the meaning differences, if there is any)?II.  what are the structural positions of modifiers with de and what are the structural positions of those without? IIIa.  what is the internal make-up of modifiers with and those without de? which includes the separate question: IIIb.  what is the nature of de? and IV. how do these issues interrelate? In this paper we will not be able to go into all sub-issues equally deeply, but we will discuss them all to a certain extent. With respect to IIIb we will, as mentioned, investigate the hypothesis that de (along with its Cantonese counterpart ge3) is a type of classifier.
Lexical Decomposition, Silent Categories, and the Localizer Phrase 黄正德(Huang, C.-T. James) Lexical decomposition, silent categories, localizers, parametric syntax 理论 39
稿件标题Lexical Decomposition, Silent Categories, and the Localizer Phrase
作者姓名黄正德(Huang, C.-T. James)
领域理论
关键词 Lexical decomposition, silent categories, localizers, parametric syntax
中文摘要
The purpose of this paper is two-fold: (a) to review facts (some old and some new) that support the postulation of silent light verbs, and (b) to present arguments for the analysis of other categories that involve silent heads, in particular a silent localizer as a light noun, or a silent P in the structure of a prepositional phrase. The paper also shows the significance of this idea for a parametric theory of syntax.
Chinese as a Reverse Ezafe Language 拉尔森(Larson, Richard) Chinese, Ezafe languages, Typology, Universal Grammar 现汉 39
稿件标题Chinese as a Reverse Ezafe Language
作者姓名拉尔森(Larson, Richard)
领域现汉
关键词Chinese, Ezafe languages, Typology, Universal Grammar
中文摘要
In this paper, I argue that the nature of de can be clarified by comparing Chinese to the family of Iranian languages, which show rich variation in nominal structure, but are genetically unrelated to it. I show that Chinese de has (in particular) the essential properties of a “reverse Ezafe” particle, as exemplified by the Caspian languages Gilaki and Mazandarani. As I’ve argued elsewhere following a line of research initiated by Samiian (1983,1994), Ezafe particles are essentially case-related elements, appearing when the items they co-occur with have noun-like properties. I conclude, following Li (1985), that Chinese de is essentially a case-related phenomenon, which occurs (I suggest) in virtue of pervasive noun-like behavior in the relevant Chinese expressions.
汉语无定名词组的分布及其在语言类型学上的定位问题 蔡维天 无定名词组,殊指,扩充映射假说,动词移位,类型学 现汉 39
稿件标题汉语无定名词组的分布及其在语言类型学上的定位问题
作者姓名蔡维天
领域现汉
关键词无定名词组,殊指,扩充映射假说,动词移位,类型学
中文摘要
本文认为汉语在语言类型学上的两个重要特征——无定主语只在特定的情况下出现以及动词移位机制发达——看似无关其实颇有渊源,并运用“扩充映射假说”阐释二者之间的互动关系,试图通过比对英语、法语和汉语的异同,为探索全面而精确的语言映像机制做出贡献。
浅谈中文“条件倚变句”与“差比句”的相似性 林若望 条件倚变句 差比句 比较句 比字句 比较条件句 现汉 39
稿件标题浅谈中文“条件倚变句”与“差比句”的相似性
作者姓名林若望
领域现汉
关键词条件倚变句 差比句 比较句 比字句 比较条件句
中文摘要
本篇论文主要介绍如何利用形式语义学的方法来分析中文的“条件倚变句”及“差比句”,并讨论这两种句型的句法语义接口问题以及它们在比较语义上的关联性。透过这两种句型的比较,本篇论文希望对汉语比较句的本质,特别是多项论元比较这个议题,能有更进一步的了解。
编者的话 陆俭明、沈阳 生成语法 理论 39
稿件标题编者的话
作者姓名陆俭明、沈阳
领域理论
关键词生成语法
中文摘要
有鉴于美国麻省理工学院(MIT)乔姆斯基教授在世界科学界,特别是语言学界的崇高地位和广泛影响,经北京大学中文系和北京大学汉语语言学研究中心申请和教育部批准,北京大学最近正式决定授予乔姆斯基教授名誉博士学位,并已邀请乔姆斯基教授到中国和北京大学访问。本辑《语言学论丛》(第三十九辑)就是为庆祝乔姆斯基教授获授北京大学名誉博士学位而组编的专辑。诺姆·乔姆斯基(Noam Chomsky,1928-)是美国著名语言学家、哲学家和社会活动家……
闽蜀同风与方言 刘晓南 风俗,宋代,闽方音,巴蜀方音 上古 38
稿件标题闽蜀同风与方言
作者姓名刘晓南
领域上古
关键词风俗,宋代,闽方音,巴蜀方音
中文摘要
福建、四川两地远隔千里,但在宋代却有“闽蜀同风”之说。通过宋代文献考察闽、蜀两地方音,加以比较,发现两地方音非常接近,由此推测,方音的“闽蜀相近”才是“闽蜀同风”的主要内涵。宋人正是通过“闽蜀同风”传达了对闽蜀方音相近的认识。
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