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标题 作者 关键词 领域 辑号 下载
台灣新埔四縣客語舌葉音的產生 黃菊芳、江敏華、鄭錦全 客語 舌葉音 方言接觸 語音變異 語言地理資訊 语音、方言 48
稿件标题台灣新埔四縣客語舌葉音的產生
英文标题The emergence of palato-alveolar consonants in Sixian Hakka in Xinpu Township ofXinzhu County
作者姓名黃菊芳、江敏華、鄭錦全
作者单位台灣, 中央研究院
领域语音、方言
关键词客語 舌葉音 方言接觸 語音變異 語言地理資訊
中文摘要
台灣現存的客語以四縣腔及海陸腔的使用人口居多。根據我們的調查,在以海陸腔為優勢腔的台灣新竹新埔,四縣客語在聲母部分出現一套舌葉音[ʧ, ʧʰ, ʃ, ʒ]。本文認為,新埔四縣客語產生舌葉音,是因為在海陸客語處於絕對優勢的環境下,由方言接觸引發的變異。
英文摘要
There are various Hakka dialects in Taiwan including Sixian, Hailu, Dapu, Raoping, Zhaoan, Yongding, and Fengshun.  They were brought to Taiwan by immigrants years ago and established their own speech communities.  However, they also came in contact with one another, and their variation and development are worthy of study.  As tabulated by our recent survey of languages in Xinpu Township, Xinzhu County, the majority of people there speak Hailu.  Sixian is used by a small number of speakers.  Sixian Hakka in other localities normally does not have the palato-alveolar consonants [ʧ, ʧʰ, ʃ, ʒ] , but here in XinpuTownship these consonnants have emerged.  We recorded the Sixian speech of a few speakers for data and made it clear that the environment where the palato-alveolar sibilants occur.  By comparing the sibilant consonants of Sixian Hakka in Xinpu Township and those of Sixian Hakka in Maoli County, we have proposed that the emergence of these sibilants was caused by language contact with Hailu Hakka and not an internally induced change.  We have also observed that the palato-alveolar sibilants rarely occur with [a, u, ui, an, un, uŋ, oŋ, ut, ak] finals.
字数16041
北方方言两字组连读变调的类型学考察 李子鹤 北方方言;连读变调;DV取样法;统计;类型学共性 现汉、语音 48
稿件标题北方方言两字组连读变调的类型学考察
英文标题A Typology of Disyllabic Tone Sandhi in Mandarin Chinese
作者姓名李子鹤
作者单位北京大学中文系、北京大学中国语言学研究中心
领域现汉、语音
关键词北方方言;连读变调;DV取样法;统计;类型学共性
中文摘要
本文运用类型学的取样方法和统计方法,确定了北方方言连读变调在语音层面上、组合关系中的触发共性、调整共性,以及变调规则的蕴涵共性,并对其有效性进行了统计检验。发现的规律有:31调相连、53调相连、曲折调相连,容易触发变调。31调和曲折调易变为非低的升调;53调易为变非高的降调。同一个方言点中,非曲折调变调蕴涵曲折调变调;高调变调蕴涵低调变调。变调的类型与方言区域也有一定关联。
英文摘要
This research, based on the DV sampling method and statistical method, generalizes universals of triggering and adjustment, and some implicational universals of disyllabic tone sandhi in Mandarin Chinese. Statistical tests are employed to verify these generalizations. The universals include: adjacent two tone 31s, two tone 53s, and two dipping tones are likely to trigger disyllabic tone sandhi; after tone sandhi, tone 31s and dipping tones often change to non-low rising tones, and tone 53s often change to non-high falling tones. Within a specific dialect, sandhi of non-dipping tones implies sandhi of dipping tones; sandhi of high tones implies sandhi of low tones. Different sub-branches of Mandarin Chinese have different leading types of tone sandhi.
字数15235
广东省饶平话动词变形重叠式考察 郑伟娜 饶平话 动词变形重叠式 结构 分布 作用 语音、方言、理论 48
稿件标题广东省饶平话动词变形重叠式考察
英文标题Study of the Partial Reduplicative Verb Form in Raoping Dialect
作者姓名郑伟娜
作者单位北京大学中文系
领域语音、方言、理论
关键词饶平话 动词变形重叠式 结构 分布 作用
中文摘要
我们分析了广东省饶平话(闽南语)中的变形重叠式,从变形语素的语音规则、变形重叠式的内部结构、分布和作用等方面对其进行论述。我们认为,用音节模块说能够很好地描写变形语素的生成规则;而变形重叠式的内部结构则主要与结构类型、音节多少和重轻有关;变形重叠式的分布和作用主要体现在对句式的要求和对句式义的贡献上。
英文摘要
In Raoping, as in Mandarin, certain verbs may be reduplicated to express the general meaning of ‘Verb-a-little’. In addition, Raoping also employs a partial (or ‘deformed’) reduplicative prefix before the full reduplicated copy.  This paper analyzes the partial reduplicative verb form of Raoping, including its phonetic rule, its structure, its distribution, and its functions. We regard prosodic templates as a good way to explain its phonetic rule. As for its structure, it can be shown that the relevant generalizations are related to syllable number, and the location of its accent. Finally, the distribution and the function of the partial reduplicative verb form are related to sentence types.
字数9173
吴语人称代词复数标记来源的类型学考察 盛益民 吴语 复数标记 处所后置词 类型学 语法、方言 48
稿件标题吴语人称代词复数标记来源的类型学考察
英文标题On the Source of Wu Dialects’ Plural Markers in Typological Perspective
作者姓名盛益民
作者单位南开大学 文学院
领域语法、方言
关键词吴语 复数标记 处所后置词 类型学
中文摘要
本文主要讨论吴语人称代词复数标记来源的类型。文章首先以“拉”为例,指出部分吴语方言发生了“家义处所词>家义关联标记>泛用关联标记/复数标记”的语义演变。根据是否发生了这一演变,可以将吴语分成两大部分:北部吴语大部分方言经历了这一演变,可称之为“处所型”;而南部吴语绝大部分方言没有经历这一演变,人称代词复数标记主要来源于数量结构,可称为“数量型”。
英文摘要
This paper mainly discussed the source of Wu Dialects’ plural markers in typological perspective. A number of Wu Dialects underwent the following semantic change: ‘locational postposition > associative maker > plural marker’. According to whether having this change, the Wu Dialects can be divided into two parts: the northern Wu Dialects experienced this change, which can be called ‘the Type of Location’; the southern Wu Dialects didn’t experience this change. The southern Wu Dialects’ plural markers were derived from the numeral-classifier phrase, so they can be called ‘the Type of Number’.
字数16460
鲁中莱芜方言“XX子”式子尾词 吕晓玲 莱芜方言 “XX子”式子尾词 重叠 语法意义 语法功能 重叠依据 语法、方言 48
稿件标题鲁中莱芜方言“XX子”式子尾词
英文标题The "XX 子 " formula suffix in Laiwu Shandong dialect
作者姓名吕晓玲
作者单位山东大学文学与新闻传播学院
领域语法、方言
关键词莱芜方言 “XX子”式子尾词 重叠 语法意义 语法功能 重叠依据
中文摘要
鲁中莱芜方言“XX子”式子尾词分属于两种重叠类型——构词重叠和构形重叠。“XX子”式子尾词的第一个“X”读原调,第二个“X”和“子”都读轻声。“XX子”式子尾词具有表小称、表多量、表少量、表泛指、表特指和表描写等语法意义。在语法功能上,名词性的“XX子”式子尾词可以做主语、宾语和定语;量词性的“XX子”式子尾词只能做定语。在色彩意义上,“XX子”式子尾词一般为中性。最后文章探讨了“X子”重叠为“XX子”式子尾词的依据。
英文摘要
Laiwu Shandong dialect in "XX 子 " formula suffix belong to two overlapping types - configuration overlap and morphological overlap. The "XX 子" has the grammatical meaning of expressing small、large amounts、 general reference、specific reference、description and few."XX子" formula suffix of the first "X" read the original tone , The second "X" and "子" are read softly. On the grammatical function, the term of "XX子" formula and the noun suffix have the same grammatical function, it can be used as subject, object and attribute. Its color sense is generally neutral. Finally the article discusses the basis that "X子" overlap for "XX 子".  
字数7795
论《中原音韵》东锺庚青之“两韵并收” 张卫东 两韵并收 东锺韵 庚青韵 文白异读 古汉、语音 48
稿件标题论《中原音韵》东锺庚青之“两韵并收”
作者姓名张卫东
作者单位深圳大学
领域古汉、语音
关键词两韵并收 东锺韵 庚青韵 文白异读
中文摘要
所谓《中原音韵》东锺庚青之“两韵并收”,指中古曾梗二摄部分唇音和牙喉音(含影母)字,既为庚青韵所收,又为东锺韵所收。这种“两韵并收”的性质如何?王力先生认为是历史音变的结果。这样看是正确的。然而由于不是系统的历史考察,他的有些说法就与实际相左。而所谓“元曲叶韵”说,其合理性虽然屡遭质疑,亦因未有缜密的历史考察,终是“质疑”而已。本文尝试利用《老乞大谚解》《伍伦全备谚解》《语言自迩集》和《国音京音对照表》等近代标音文献提供的信息和数据重构这一语音演变的历史,进而对《汉语拼音方案》eng、ing、ong、iong、ueng这五韵的设计提出修正意见。
字数14292
从敦煌吐蕃藏汉对音文献看藏语浊音清化 李建强 藏汉对音 敦煌藏文文献 浊音清化 语音、应用、理论 48
稿件标题从敦煌吐蕃藏汉对音文献看藏语浊音清化
英文标题A study of the devoicing of Tibetan voiced consonants based on the Dunhuang Tibetan transcription documents
作者姓名李建强
作者单位中国人民大学 国学院
领域语音、应用、理论
关键词藏汉对音 敦煌藏文文献 浊音清化
中文摘要
利用藏汉对音的方法探讨藏语浊辅音清化,首先要确定汉语对应辅音的读音。前贤多是以汉语全浊声母保持浊音为前提来展开讨论,但是晚唐五代时期,汉语全浊声母也处在清化过程中,这就无法保证结论的确定性。不过,西北音中,次浊声母是相对稳定的音。依照次浊声母的对音情况,可以把敦煌吐蕃藏汉对音文献分为两大类:一类是藏语带前置音N的音节只对应汉语的次浊声母字,另一类是藏语带前置音N的音节既对应汉语的次浊声母,也对应汉语全浊声母。后一类对音表明,藏语浊音单辅音声母已经开始清化。这一变化发生的时间至晚在公元十世纪。
英文摘要
In the study of the devoicing of Tibetan voiced consonants based on the transliteration between Tibetan and Chinese, the first step is to make sure how the corresponding consonants of Middle Chinese pronounced. Luo Changpei (1961) and Takata Tokio (1988) supposed that the Quanzhuo initials in Middle Chinese maintained its voicedness. However, in 9-10th century AD the Quanzhuo initials in Middle Chinese were devoicing. Consequently, Luo’s and Takata’s conclusions are lack of authenticity. In the Northwest dialect of Middle Chinese, the Cizhuo initials were comparatively stabilized. The transliteration documents can be divided into two types according to the transliteration of Cizhuo initials. One is that the Tibetan syllables with prefix consonant N only parallel to Cizhuo initials in Middle Chinese; and the other is that the Tibetan syllables with prefix consonant N parallel both to Quanzhuo and to Cizhuo initials in Middle Chinese. In the latter type, the Tibetan voiced consonants could begin devoicing. This change happened no later than in 10th century AD.
字数12219
《诗词通韵》研究 陈宁 诗词通韵 通音 中州音 北音 曲韵 古汉、语音 48
稿件标题《诗词通韵》研究
英文标题A Phonological Study on Shici Tongyun(诗词通韵)
作者姓名陈宁
作者单位华中师范大学语言与语言教育研究中心、文学院
领域古汉、语音
关键词诗词通韵 通音 中州音 北音 曲韵
中文摘要
本文对《诗词通韵》作者朴隐子生平作了考证。把《诗词通韵》的音注区分为“通音”、“中州音”和“北音”三个系统,以研究通音的音系为主,兼及中州音和北音,为声母、韵母系统作了拟音。列出了中州音和北音的语音特征,统计了每项特征的音切数。对全书的字数和小韵数作了统计。对入声舒化后的读音作了探讨。
英文摘要
Shici Tongyun is an important rhyme dictionary for regular poetry and Qu poetry. its author’s name is Puyinzi. The paper researches his life. There are three phonological systems in the dictionary. They are Tong Yin(common sounds), Zhongzhou Yin(Central Chinese sounds) and Bei Yin(North Chinese sounds)). The paper studies the three phonological systems, reconstructs initials and finals. We list phonetic features of Zhongzhou Yin and Bei Yin, count examples of these phonetic features, sum up characters and syllables of the dictionary. Finally, we study pronunciation of entering tone.
字数17549
即:从位移到让步 李计伟 即;位移;让步;语法化;路径 古汉、语义 48
稿件标题即:从位移到让步
英文标题Ji: From Motion to Concession
作者姓名李计伟
作者单位暨南大学华文学院
领域古汉、语义
关键词即;位移;让步;语法化;路径
中文摘要
在汉语史上,“即”从位移动词演变为让步连词有两条语法化路径:即1:位移>将来>条件>让步;即2:位移>语气副词>语气系词>让步。二者起始点相同,中间阶段不同,但是最后“殊途同归”。即1的每一个环节的演变均可以得到跨语言语法化共性的印证,而即2在汉语中却有诸多不同时间层次的相关词语的语法化路径可以与之互证。
英文摘要
Ji has two grammaticalization paths from motion verb to concessive connective in the history of Chinese language. Ji1: motion verb>future marker>conditional connective>concessive connective. Ji2: motion verb>affirmative adverb>affirmative copula>concessive connective. These two grammaticalization paths have same start and same end, but their  intermediate stages are different. Every grammaticalization stage of Ji1 can be confirmed by cross-linguistic patterns, however, there are several words that have the same grammaticalization path like Ji2 in the history of Chinese language.
字数14224
汉语名词和动词的神经表征 李平、金真、谭力海,高诗云 译 名词;动词;汉语;fMRI 现汉、应用 48
稿件标题汉语名词和动词的神经表征
作者姓名李平、金真、谭力海,高诗云 译
领域现汉、应用
关键词名词;动词;汉语;fMRI
中文摘要
名词和动词的神经表征已成为近来许多神经成像和神经心理学研究的核心内容。总体而言,这些研究发现在英语等印欧语言中,动词的表征区域偏前(如左侧前额皮层),而名词的表征区域偏后(颞叶-枕叶区域)。不过随着证据的积累,这一表征格局被证明可能过于简单化。最近的研究中,我们考察了语法和词汇结构上都很特殊的汉语的名词和动词的神经表征情况。通过fMRI实验,我们让被试观察了一系列双音节名词、动词以及词类归属模糊不清的词汇,并让他们判断其成词性。实验结果指出,汉语名词和动词在一片广泛且相互重叠的大脑网络区域中活跃,既包括左脑也包括右脑。这一结果支持了语言类型学和语言特性会影响语法范畴的神经表征的论断,也与近来关于特定语言经验会作用于阅读和言语神经系统的观点相一致,也就是说,汉语语法的特殊性影响了汉语的表征、处理和习得。
字数16000
名词和动词在汉英双语说话人大脑中的词汇神经表现 杨静、谭力海、李平,关思怡 译 名词和动词;脑功能成像;汉英双语;词汇的神经表现 现汉、应用 48
稿件标题名词和动词在汉英双语说话人大脑中的词汇神经表现
作者姓名杨静、谭力海、李平,关思怡 译
领域现汉、应用
关键词名词和动词;脑功能成像;汉英双语;词汇的神经表现
中文摘要
英语和其他西方语言的神经心理学和神经成像研究显示,类似名词和动词这样的基本词汇范畴在大脑中是有不同回路的。相反,关于汉语的研究表明,名词和动词的大脑分区是重合的。对于汉语和英语这两种不同类型的语言而言,一个双语说话人的大脑是如何支持名词和动词的表现与组织的呢?在这篇脑功能成像研究中我们检验了汉英双语说话人大脑里的名词和动词的神经表现,不出所料,汉语名词和动词对大脑的作用并没有显著区别。但出乎意料的是,英语的名词和动词在他们大脑中也几乎没有不同的神经表现,这意味着母语的机制在整合第二语言的刺激时发挥了作用。
字数13000
论清代北京话 陈 晓 近古、语音 48
稿件标题论清代北京话
作者姓名陈 晓
领域近古、语音
字数15894
福州话韵母系统的生成音系学分析 陈泽平 生成音系学 区别性特征 福州方言 福清方言 语音、方言 47 下载
稿件标题福州话韵母系统的生成音系学分析
英文标题A Generative Phonological Approach to the Rhyme System of Fuzhou Dialect
作者姓名陈泽平
领域语音、方言
关键词生成音系学 区别性特征 福州方言 福清方言
中文摘要
本文用生成音系学的理论框架分析福州方言韵母系统,得到一些新的认识。作者用两条简单的音系规则统一解释了福州话复杂的“变韵”现象以及相关的历时音变。文章还用同样的方法分析了福清话的韵母系统,指出音系规则必须直接施用在有系统价值的区别性特征上,才能真正显示出生成音系学理论的效力。
英文摘要
By applying a generative phonological approach to the rhyme system of Fuzhou Dialect, some new arguments are educed in this article.  The writer gives a unified explication of the perplexing conditioned sound change of the rhymes of Fuzhou Dialect, as well as the related historical sound changes, using only two simple generative rules.  Also, the writer analyzes the rhyme system of Fuqing Dialect in the same manner, and points out that the successful approach of generative phonology has to be based on the all-around analysis of the distinctive features of the subject.
字数13090
赣语古全浊声母今读浊音的类型 项梦冰 赣语 浊塞音塞擦音的类型 存古 回头演变 语音、方言 47 下载
稿件标题赣语古全浊声母今读浊音的类型
作者姓名项梦冰
作者单位北京大学中文系
领域语音、方言
关键词赣语 浊塞音塞擦音的类型 存古 回头演变
中文摘要
赣语古全浊声母今读浊音有武宁型和蒲圻-临湘型两种类型。第一种类型属于存古,其特点是塞音塞擦音三分;第二种类型属于创新,其特点是塞音塞擦音两分。从表面上看,蒲圻-临湘型赣语跟武宁型赣语的古全浊声母今读都是浊音,实际上这是由回头演变造成的表面相似现象。蒲圻-临湘型方言除参与了多数赣语都经历过的古全浊声母清化逢塞音塞擦音并入次清声母的音变外,晚期又经历了送气清塞音塞擦音变为送气浊塞音塞擦音的回头演变。
字数9875
也谈历史比较法与历史层次分析法---回应秋谷裕幸、韩哲夫“历史比较法和层次分析法” 陈忠敏 历史比较法、历史层次分析法、《切韵》、原始闽语、语言接触 方言、理论 47 下载
稿件标题也谈历史比较法与历史层次分析法---回应秋谷裕幸、韩哲夫“历史比较法和层次分析法”
作者姓名陈忠敏
作者单位复旦大学
领域方言、理论
关键词历史比较法、历史层次分析法、《切韵》、原始闽语、语言接触
中文摘要
本文从五个方面回应秋谷裕幸、韩哲夫“历史比较法和层次分析法”一文:1. 历史比较法的理论基础,2. 汉语发展史的历史人文背景,3. 历史层次分析法与历史比较法的异同,4. 高本汉和层次分析学派汉语语音史观的差异,5. 闽语的性质及原始闽语的构拟。
字数29096
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