2021-05-31 11:14:33 通知 中心助理
Aditi Lahiri 教授（牛津大学）
Phonological and morphophonological asymmetries in processing and change
Speech is variable, and no word can ever be spoken by a human being exactly in the same way twice. The claim we would like to consider is that the phonological system of the native speaker plays an active role in language change and language processing. The phonological system is inherently full of asymmetries – both in terms of the representation as well as the output of phonological processes. Representations may include contrasts in terms of features (e.g. [CORONAL] vs [DORSAL] place of articulation) or quantity (e.g., geminate vs. singleton consonants). These asymmetries then govern processing, and in turn, phonological and morphological change. In this talk we discuss asymmetries from case studies (historical and experimental) involving feature contrasts (German, English and Mandarin) and quantity contrasts (Bengali, English, Mandarin). We would like to argue that at each stage the phonological grammar has a constraining influence.